Victoria schofield has written a very detailed history of the conflict in kashmir between india-pakistan going from before the british left into the george w bush presidency detailing the persons, organizations and events that have made the conflict in kashmir so difficult to get a handle. The history of pakistan encompasses the history of the region constituting modern-day pakistan for over three millennia, the region has witnessed human activity and one of the world's major civilizations, the indus valley civilisation. The kashmir valley, or more poetically the vale of kashmir, is a region of jammu and kashmir state in india this article is about the kashmir valley, which is presently under indian control for the indian-controlled part of the entire kashmir region, see jammu and kashmir. The kashmir conflict is a territorial conflict primarily between india and pakistan, having started just after the partition of india in 1947 china has at times played a minor role  india and pakistan have fought three wars over kashmir , including the indo-pakistani wars of 1947 and 1965 , as well as the kargil war of 1999. Pakistan army the indian army was the principal army of india independence from the united kingdom in 1947 it was the defense of both british india that helped them with both wars pakistan and india had triggered against each other the pakistan army is the service branch of the pakistan.
A rising of tensions between india and pakistan in recent days has led to fears the two neighboring nuclear powers could be heading down a dangerous path to further conflict militants who india claims had links to pakistan attacked an army base in the indian-controlled region of contested kashmir. The territorial conflict between india and pakistan over the mountain province of kashmir has added reason to violent islamic fundamentalist groups to launch major terrorist attacks against indian targets, including in july 2011 in mumbai, where a severe one had occurred in 2008, which killed more than. Pakistan fears encirclement by india and its ally the pakistanis have long accused india, via iran and afghanistan some in the west believe pakistan started preparing nuclear-tipped missiles in the midst of the 1999 kargil war against see our videographic on the history of the kashmir conflict. The british as well as the leaders of both india and pakistan had agreed to one basic principle - every inch of land must go either to india or to pakistan in other words, people living in india before the partition of 1947, had only two options: they could either join pakistan or they could join india.
Pakistan's official account of history honors aurungzeb because he plundered and oppressed the (even pakistan's missile is named after an islamic conqueror of india in the medieval period) without any concrete 'dispute' between hindus and muslims, the logic that prevailed was that. Front page | in-depth | south asia | kashmir flashpoint. 18 indian soldiers were killed in an attack by militants in the disputed territory of kashmir, where trouble is getting worse a large part of the india-pakistan rivalry centers on competing claims over the kashmir region this relatively small piece of land in the himalayas has been disputed since.
A third conflict between india and pakistan erupted in 1999 after pakistani-backed forces infiltrated indian-controlled kashmir in the kargil area both india and pakistan have fired across the demarcating line of control such incidents have become common but india has so far refrained from. Pakistan itself would face its own partition as a result of the bangladesh liberation war or pakistan civil war in 1971, which resulted in independence for bangladesh if you'd like to learn more about the incredibly complex history of india, pakistan and partition the following books may be of interest. In a recent article about the india/pakistan situation, david barno and nora bensahel argue that the current nuclear standoff between india and pakistan may be the most dangerous pink flamingo in with a shared border, increasing stockpiles of nuclear weapons, and a history of war, the possibility. A particular conflict still in stalemate today is the kashmir conflict between the republic of india and pakistan since the british granted independence to india and pakistan in 1947 there has been much contention as to where the partition should be in the kashmir and jammu region.
Pakistan and india often fight over kashmir today and it is affecting their trade routs because neither country wants to although pakistan and india were once together that did not affect fighting in that both the countries, india and pakistan, are aware of the fact that they are now nuclear powers. Kashmir in conflict india, pakistan and the unending war beautiful valley of kashmir to the hindu dogra ruler, gulab singh the land over which india and. Between the great and lesser himalayas are several fertile longitudinal vales in india the largest is the vale of kashmir, an ancient lake basin with an area of about 1,700 square miles (4,400 square km) the great himalayas, ranging from 30 to 45 miles (50 to 75 km) wide, include some of the world's highest peaks. 1965 - india and pakistan fight their second war the conflict begins after a clash between border patrols in april in the rann of kutch (in the indian india then launches a coordinated land, air and sea assault on east pakistan the pakistani army surrenders at dhaka, and its army of more than 90. Jammu and kashmir (/ ˈ dʒ æ m uː, ˈ dʒ ʌ m uː / and / k æ ʃ ˈ m ɪər, ˈ k æ ʃ m ɪər / ( listen)) is a state in northern india, often denoted by its acronym, j&kit is located mostly in the himalayan mountains, and shares borders with the states of himachal pradesh and punjab to the south.
Kashmir - a historical glance kashmir was the largest princely state of unpartitioned india, and 80% of its total after the partition of british india or the indian subcontinent, the kashmir issue has been the main reason of conflict brief description of kashmir: conflicts between pakistan and india. Dr susmit kumar when the british left india in 1947, british-controlled states, also called british india, were divided between india and pakistan in a plebiscite along religious lines twelve million hindus and muslims fled from one area to another and half a million people lost their lives in the ensuing. Since both india and pakistan were granted independence by britain in 1947, the two neighboring nations have engaged in four wars this war was fought between india and pakistan over the region of kashmir from october 21, 1947, to december 31, 1948. Tensions between pakistan and india have escalated to the point that a full-scale nuclear war could break out between the countries, experts have warned the conflict over the disputed indian controlled territory of kashmir is becoming dangerously volatile the muslim-dominated region has.
The consequences of that indecision have echoed through the past half century, turning the once tolerant borders of a an amazingly beautiful land into the source of bitter conflict between two countries that both have a hand on the nuclear button. In the case of india and pakistan (as well as many other nations around the world) there are conflicts, both past and present, which have arisen in this article i will explore the ways in which geography and physical land formations have contributed to the conflict between india and pakistan since.
Ethnic conflict in assam of the three conflicts mentioned, assam has the land reform-oriented agrarian program of the left and its attempt to create a base in the muslim peasantry most of all, the conflict between india and pakistan kept the roots of the communal tension perpetually. The kashmir conflict between india and pakistan is the oldest unresolved conflict on the un's agenda this dispute has led to invasions a earlier this month, following months of intense negotiations, a government was established in the disputed region of kashmir. The escalating hostilities between india and pakistan are especially worrying, since both countries have acquired nuclear capability in 1999, renewed bomb tests by both sides proved that india and pakistan now have the capability to deliver nuclear warheads to the other's soil the names of the.