Stretching just doesn't have the effects that most people hope it does plentiful research has shown that it doesn't warm you up, prevent soreness or injury, enhance peformance, or physically change muscles. Introduction: the effects attributed to stretching exercises are a lowering of muscular resting tension (3,4), an increase of the joint's range of motion (rom 2), prevention of muscle tightness (3), precaution against developing short muscles. Stretching is a common activity used by athletes, older adults, rehabilitation patients, and anyone participating in a fitness program while the benefits of stretching are known, controversy remains about the best type of stretching for a particular goal or outcome the purpose of this clinical. Flexibility, static and dynamic stretching and warm-up 35 behmdg et al, acute effects of muscle stretching on physical performance, range of motion, and injury incidence in healthy active individuals: a systematic review.
Stretching is a form of physical exercise in which a specific muscle or tendon (or muscle group) is deliberately flexed or stretched in order to improve the muscle's felt elasticity and achieve comfortable muscle tone. 1148 acute effects of static stretching on bench press power and velocity in adolescent male athletes figure 2 the four static stretches applied to the pectoral girdle muscles. The effects of an 8-week unilateral contract-relax (cr) stretching training program (passive stretch after isometric contraction) on muscular performance were investigated in a group of 16 athletes. Athletes with flat feet, or pes planus, in which the arch has never formed or has fallen over time, and those with subtalar pronation can suffer from knee pain associated with pfps (burton, et al, 2007, cannon, et al, 2000.
Effect of two methods exercises of static and pnf stretching (c-r type) on the flexibility of non another hamstring muscles the results indicated that an eight- week training period of pnf stretching using c-r method (that is. Introduction each day at sporting venues throughout the world, athletes prepare for competition with a familiar ritual of stretching the major muscle groups used in. Go to the previous, next chapter physiology of stretching flexibility: (next chapter) introduction: (previous chapter) the purpose of this chapter is to introduce you to some of the basic physiological concepts that come into play when a muscle is stretched. Preexercise stretching to be used in clinical, normal, and athletic populations, there are a considerable number of methodological issues reported in the literature (116. Stretching requires individual athletes to contract certain muscles to cause stretching of others sub-types of active stretching include static, isometric , and.
Stretching on power performance in recreational athletes in college going population based on previous literature, dynamic stretching appears to have no power performance decrements compared to static stretching. To determine the effect of static stretching of selected muscles around knee on knee joint position sense in football players methods: this study was a quasi-experimental research with pretest and posttest design. Introduction stretching was introduced in a sports coaching program on tv at the beginning of the 1980s in japan, which led to the publication of many stretching-associated books for the general public and a so-called stretching boom 1.
The athletes in the stretch condition performed the standard warm-up protocol, completed a stretching routine of the hamstrings, quadriceps, and calf muscles, and then immediately performed three 30-m sprints, also with a 2-minute rest between each sprint. Stretching exercise of gastrocnemius muscles was decreasing spasm and tightness of the muscles, where there is a direct relationship between lumbar erector spinae, hamstring, and gastrocnemius muscles.
### abstract recent studies have questioned the benefits of static stretching in the sports warm-up the purpose of our research was to examine the acute effect of static and dynamic stretching in the warm-up, on hamstring flexibility using an intervention study design. The effect of static stretching on phases of spring performance in elite soccer players the journal of strength and conditioning research, 22 (5), 1416-1421 14. Effect of stretching on delayed onset muscle soreness the results of five studies (77 subjects) imply that stretching reduces soreness in the 72 hours after exercising by, on average, less than 2 mm on a 100 mm scale. B) you stretching your body to regain some of the length and function of your muscles and so also the range of motion of your joints c) your therapist stretching you some muscles will get stretched during normal movement more easily than others.